My Ancestors (14 and 15)- Robert and Thomas Barnard

 (1) Robert and Thomas Barnard; (2) Nathaniel Barnard and Mary Barnard; (3) Shubael Folger; (4) Phoebe (Floger) Marshall; (5) Major Elihu Marshall, (6) Elizabeth (Marshall) Guion, (7) Elijah Guion, (8) Elijah Guion II, (9) Alfred Beck Guion, (10) Alfred Duryee Guion, (11) Alfred Peabody Guion, (12) Judith Anne Guion

Robert and Thomas Barnard were brothers; I don’t know which was the older, but I think it was Robert; Thomas, we know, was born in 1612. As usual they were Dissenters.

Robert crossed the Atlantic first, in 1642; he hadn’t married at that time. He settled at Salisbury, where, you may remember, Thomas Macy and Robert Pike, Christopher Hussey’s friends who had Puritan trouble, lived. Robert stayed at Salisbury only two years, then in 1644 moved to Andover. The records call him simply a “husbandman”, meaning that he had a farm.

At Andover, Robert married Joanna Harvey. She was a widow with two children, and one account says she came from Plymouth, where her parents lived.

Robert and Joanna Barnard had a daughter, Mary. born at Andover on April 8, 1648. Mary was two, when, in 1650, Robert’s brother Thomas arrived from England; Thomas is described as a “husbandman” and a “trader”. Thomas’s wife seems to have died in England, for he was accompanied only by his seven-year-old son, Nathaniel. Thomas settled at Salisbury, where he soon became a close friend and business associate of Thomas Macy.

There is no record of any trouble had by either Barnard brother with the Puritan tyranny. But when Macy, Peasley and Pike had their last difficulty, and the group at Salisbury got the idea of buying Nantucket and moving there, both Barnards took a financial share in the venture. Thomas never did live on Nantucket, remaining at Salisbury, where he handled the Macy interests for many years. Robert waited until the new settlement was established, then in 1663 moved to Nantucket, accompanied by his wife and their five-year-old daughter. Mary Barnard grew up on Nantucket, but it appears she never forgot her cousin Nathaniel, for, in 1666, when she was 18 and Nathaniel 24, these first cousins married. Nathaniel, who previously had lived at Salisbury with his father Thomas, now became a Nantucketer under patronage of  his uncle and father-in-law, Robert Barnard.

The records of Robert Barnard’s life on Nantucket are routine in type: he held office, the proprietors met at his house, etc. He was, however, one of the more well-to-do settlers. Thomas Barnard, at Salisbury, died first; one record says he was killed by the Indians in 1677. Robert died on Nantucket in 1683; his wife Joanna outlived him, dying in 1705.

As to the married cousins, Nathaniel and Mary, they put in almost 50 years of wedded life during Nantucket’s first half-century; they had 8 children, Barnards on both sides who married into the Macy, Coffin, Floger, Chase and other Nantucket families. They were considerably younger than Peter Folger, and younger than Stephen Hussey though about the same age and Stephen’s wife Martha Bunker, and they both died in the same year as the aged Stephen. That year was 1718; Mary Barnard died on January 17, Stephen Hussey on February 2 and Nathaniel Barnard on April 3. Perhaps there was a bad winter or an epidemic; still, these people were sufficiently old, 70, 88 and 76 respectfully.

How do the Barnard’s tie in with our story? Well, the first child of Nathaniel and Mary Barnard was a girl, named after her mother, Mary; born on Nantucket the year after her parent’s marriage, on February 23, 1667.

Peter Folger’s son, John, born on the Vineyard in 1659, grew up on Nantucket and, from the island girls, selected this younger Mary Barnard as his wife. They were married about the time of Peter’s death in 1690, but I haven’t the precise date.

The records show that this pair had good, long lives, John Folger living until August 23, 1732, and Mary until August of 1737. Their children, as usual, married into other island families.

One of those children (actually their 5th son) was Shubael (or Shubach) Folger, born August 25, 1700.  His death occurred on August 22, 1776. He was still living when his grandson, Elihu Marshall, left home and went off to war.

But I’m getting ahead of myself and that is a story for another day. Next Sunday, more about Shubael Folger and his wife, Jerusha Clark.

Source: COLONIAL ORIGINS of the CALIFORNIA GUIONS, An Informal Genealogical Study by Ernest Jerome Hopkins, finished in 1952.

Tomorrow, I’ll begin posting a week of letters written in the summer of 1946. Lad and Marian have just added twins to the family. Dan, Paulette and baby Arla are still in France, waiting for the time when they will be able to travel to Trumbull. Ced is still in Alaska, Dick and Jean are living in the Trumbull house and Dave is finally home from Manila and making plans for the future.

Judy Guion

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